Table 3 The association between self-rated neurodevelopmental symptoms (i.e. ADHD, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and clumsiness) and self-reported generalised joint hypermobility (GJH) traits in a non-clinical adult Swedish population
Neuro-developmental traitsHypermobileaNot hypermobiletd.f.P
ASRS total score, mean (s.d.)Men (n=152)25.2 (9.36)23.8 (8.11)0.821500.41
Women (n=730)25.9 (8.20)25.3 (7.90)0.977280.33
AQ-10 total score, mean (s.d.)Men (n=144)10.2 (3.89)9.14 (3.35)1.461420.15
Women (n=701)8.46 (3.31)8.47 (3.35)−0.046990.97
χ2d.f.P
Clumsiness, (yes/no)bMen (n=152)33 (3/30)119 (7/112)0.4310.51
Women (n=717)247 (34/213)470 (80/390)1.2810.26
  • ASRS, Adult ADHD Self Report Scale, continuous scoring method (0–4 on each item).

  • AQ-10, Autism quotient abridged 10-item version, continuous scoring method (0–3 on each item).

  • a Endorsement of two or more items in the 5PQ.

  • b Clumsiness defined as reported performance below average in physical education in school at age 12 years (‘In elementary school (when you were about 12 years), did you perform worse than average in physical education (i.e. ball games, coordination, agility)?’). A yes response suggests clumsiness, whereas a no response does not.