Table 2 Univariate analysis of factors associated with mental ill health
Case on SMFQ, OR (95% CI)Case on SAS, OR (95% CI)Case on HTQ PTSD scale, OR (95% CI)
Quartile on HTQ
 1111
 21.81 (0.97–3.38)2.00 (0.97–4.11)2.44 (0.57–10.40)
 33.62 (2.35–5.57)2.09 (0.46–9.47)3.45 (0.73–16.18)
 45.49 (2.81–10.71)5.14 (1.75–15.09)9.76 (3.14–30.24)
Gender
 Male111
 Female1.67 (1.38–2.02)2.06 (0.93–4.56)1.19 (0.97–1.46)
Ethnicity
 Black111
 White0.38 (0.17–0.88)0.38 (0.12–1.19)0.31 (0.21–0.44)
 Coloured0.73 (0.50–1.06)0.63 (0.36–1.11)0.46 (0.31–0.67)
 Indian0.34 (0.25–0.47)--
 Other0.75 (0.09–6.50)--
Physical activity/week
 None111
 About half an hour0.64 (0.40–1.03)0.93 (0.52–1.66)1.03 (0.67–1.60)
 About 1 h0.65 (0.47–0.91)0.70 (0.49–1.01)1.13 (0.73–1.76)
 About 2–3 h0.49 (0.34–0.69)0.82 (0.50–1.33)0.96 (0.49–1.88)
 About 4–6 h0.42 (0.18–0.94)0.42 (0.07–2.68)0.63 (0.10–3.80)
 7 h or more0.52 (0.15–1.73)1.17 (0.35–3.94)1.01 (0.28–3.66)
Smoked in past 4 weeks
 No111
 Yes2.30 (1.24–4.28)1.51 (0.79–2.89)1.81 (0.96–3.38)
Alcohol in past 4 weeks
 No111
 Yes2.65 (2.07–3.40)1.41 (1.00–1.97)2.12 (1.53–2.93)
Marijuana in past 4 weeks
 No111
 Yes2.17 (0.81–5.80)1.11 (0.42–2.93)1.99 (0.62–6.37)
Self-rated financial difficulty
 Richest111
 21.78 (0.71–4.44)1.24 (0.58–2.62)1.54 (0.74–3.23)
 32.37 (1.00–5.59)1.81 (0.63–5.20)1.75 (0.80–3.82)
 41.73 (0.83–3.60)2.10 (0.66–6.70)2.64 (1.10–6.34)
 Poorest4.70 (2.13–10.39)3.82 (1.63–8.94)2.31 (0.72–7.33)
Household amenities
 Less than 4111
 4 or 50.68 (0.40–1.14)0.56 (0.15–2.12)0.48 (0.33–0.68)
Household receiving grants
 No111
 Yes1.55 (1.01–2.37)1.62 (0.98–2.70)1.25 (0.76–2.07)
Maternal employment
 Yes111
 No1.05 (0.65–1.69)1.51 (1.15–1.99)1.03 (0.65–1.66)
 Do not live with mother2.07 (0.67–6.43)1.98 (0.90–4.38)1.87 (1.15–3.03)
Paternal employment
 Yes111
 No1.47 (0.65–3.32)2.14 (0.97–4.70)2.34 (1.17–4.69)
 Do not live with father1.76 (0.62–5.00)1.25 (0.68–2.30)1.46 (0.63–3.36)
Social support total score0.97 (0.96–0.98)0.98 (0.97–0.99)0.99 (0.97–1.01)
Social support friends0.95 (0.92–0.98)0.94 (0.92–0.97)0.98 (0.94–1.02)
Social support family0.90 (0.86–0.94)0.92 (0.89–0.96)0.94 (0.90–0.99)
Social support significant other0.95 (0.92–0.98)0.96 (0.92–1.01)0.99 (0.95–1.03)
Close people (continuous)0.88 (0.79–0.99)0.86 (0.70–1.07)0.96 (0.83–1.12)
Close friends (continuous)0.91 (0.78–1.05)0.87 (0.78–0.97)0.94 (0.76–1.16)
Parental monitoring (continuous)0.85 (0.78–0.93)0.94 (0.83–1.08)0.93 (0.82–1.05)
  • SMFQ, Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire; SAS, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale; HTQ, Harvard Trauma Questionnaire; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder.