Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics of first- and second-generation migrants by country of residence
CountryAge, years: mean (s.d.) (range)First-generation migrants: n (% of sample)Second-generation migrants: n (% of sample)Mean (s.d.) arrival age (years) of first-generation migrants% of first-generation migrants reporting migration positive% reporting trouble making ends meet: non-migrant% reporting trouble making ends meet: first-generation migrant% reporting trouble making ends meet: second-generation migrantP group comparison: % with trouble making ends meet
Total (n=11 057)14.8 (0.84) (12–18)663 (6.0)1298 (11.7)6.8 (4.2)66.512.515.514.30.031
Austria (n=941)15.1 (0.77) (14–16)46 (4.9)168 (17.9)6.8 (3.8)72.14.515.213.9<0.0005
Estonia (n=1034)14.2 (0.51) (12–17)21 (2.0)79 (7.6)4.2 (3.5)33.316.523.822.80.26
France (n=1004)15.2 (0.76) ( (13–18)33 (3.3)106 (10.6)5.9 (3.6)56.512.16.28.60.36
Germany (n=1442)14.7 (0.81) (12–17)107 (7.4)359 (25.0)6.0 (3.6)63.511.825.017.2<0.0005
Hungary (n=1009)15.1 (0.79) (13–18)28 (2.8)74 (7.3)4.0 (3.3)55.016.712.012.30.52
Ireland (n=1104)13.7 (0.68) (13–16)197 (17.8)156 (14.1)6.3 (4.1)69.26.818.616.4<0.0005
Italy (n=1190)15.3 (0.66) (14–18)38 (3.2)106 (8.9)7.8 (4.8)80.86.78.811.00.26
Romania (n=1141)15.0 (0.37) (14–17)5 (0.4)6 (0.5)7.6 (6.5)66.727.220.00.00.44
Slovenia (n=1164)15.2 (0.72) (14–18)43 (3.7)178 (15.3)6.5 (4.5)65.810.811.912.10.88
Spain (n=1028)14.5 (0.70) (13–17)145 (14.1)68 (6.6)8.7 (3.9)67.55.58.79.10.20