Table 3 Summary of multiple linear regression models predicting CBCL total, externalising and internalising problems at age 2.5 yearsa
CBCL total problemsCBCL externalising problemsCBCL internalising problems
β (CI)Pβ (CI)Pβ (CI)P
Step 1ΔR2=0.15ΔR2=0.12ΔR2=0.18
 Negative emotionality – infant0.19 (0.06 to 0.30)0.0040.14 (0.01 to 0.19)0.0350.18 (0.07 to 0.38)0.005
 High depression trajectory – mother0.22 (0.13 to 0.58)0.0020.17 (0.04 to 0.37)0.0170.25 (0.24 to 0.80)<0.001
 Intermediate depression trajectory – mother0.13 (−0.01 to 0.31)0.0690.07 (−0.06 to 0.18)0.3020.12 (−0.03 to 0.39)0.089
Step 2ΔR2=0.01ΔR2=0.01ΔR2=0.01
 Negative emotionality – infant0.18 (0.04 to 0.29)0.0080.12 (−0.01 to 0.17)0.0660.17 (0.05 to 0.36)0.010
 High depression trajectory – mother0.17 (0.01 to 0.52)0.0420.11 (−0.06 to 0.31)0.1780.20 (0.09 to 0.74)0.012
 Intermediate depression trajectory – mother0.09 (−0.06 to 0.28)0.2110.03 (−0.10 to 0.16)0.6430.09 (−0.09 to 0.35)0.238
 Negative emotionality – mother0.12 (−0.04 to 0.32)0.1340.13 (−0.02 to 0.24)0.1050.11 (−0.07 to 0.39)0.168
Step 3ΔR2=0.04ΔR2=0.04ΔR2=0.03
 Negative emotionality – infant0.17 (0.05 to 0.28)0.1740.12 (−0.01 to 0.17)0.0640.17 (0.05 to 0.36)0.010
 High depression trajectory – mother0.14 (−0.02 to 0.47)0.0740.09 (−0.08 to 0.29)0.2720.18 (0.06 to 0.69)0.021
 Intermediate depression trajectory – mother0.11 (−0.04 to 0.29)0.1060.05 (−0.08 to 0.16)0.5220.10 (−0.07 to 0.36)0.181
 Negative emotionality – mother−0.02 (−0.23 to 0.17)0.790−0.01 (−0.15 to 0.14)0.956−0.01 (−0.26 to 0.25)0.964
 Borderline personality disorder symptoms – mother0.27 (0.03 to 0.12)0.0010.26 (0.02 to 0.08)0.0020.21 (0.02 to 0.13)0.007
  • CBCL, Child Behavior Checklist.

  • a All models controlled for maternal age at first pregnancy, maternal age, education, marital status, socioeconomic status and stratification status.